Recent Posts

  • ION Cells and Batteries

    ION’s in us and Batteries Everything we can see around us, including our own bodies, is made of atoms. They're the things that combine together to make molecules, which in turn make up everything from tables to turkeys.   The ancient Greeks invented the term "atom" to mean something that is as small as possible, and can't be broken down even further. But, as modern physicists have shown, there is something even smaller than the atom. In fact, there are lots of things. These are called subatomic particles. (In fact, subatomic means "smaller than the atom.")   Each atom has an inner structure made of many smaller particles, and some of those particles have an inner structure of even smaller particles. The differences among the inner structures of atoms cause the differences between elements like hydrogen, gold, neon and lead. Let's take a look inside a typical atom.   An atom's structure The picture at left may look familiar -- it's the way atoms are often depicted. The blue lines represent particles called electrons, which orbit the yellow center, called the nucleus (the plural of nucleus is nuclei). The electrons aren't important to RHIC, so let's give attention to the yellow nucleus. In the center of the picture, you can see a magnified nucleus. And, you can see that a nucleus has many things inside it! In general, the particles inside the nucleus are called nucleons. But each kind of nucleon has its own name. The red circles represent protons, and the blue circles are neutrons. There are even smaller particles inside the protons and neutrons; the green circles are quarks, while the yellow squiggles represent particles called gluons. Just like Elmer's glue holds paper together, gluons hold quarks together. You can also see arrows inside the quarks -- these show the type of quark. Protons always have two "up" quarks and one "down" quark, while neutrons have two "down" quarks and an "up" quark. This atom has nine protons, nine neutrons, and nine electrons. But atoms can have many different combinations of particles. A hydrogen atom, for example, has just one proton and one electron. A typical gold atom has 79 protons, 79 electrons, and 118 neutrons. That's a heavy atom! Now, at RHIC, physicists use only the nuclei of atoms -- they remove the electrons. Whenever an atom has fewer electrons than protons, it's called an ion: more @ RHIC utilizes ions of gold. How small are atoms and subatomic particles? If you tried to measure them in inches or centimeters with a ruler, you'd have a lot of zeros to deal with! For example, a typical atom is 0.000000001 meters across -- that's one billionth of a meter! So, instead of getting mixed up with all those zeros, let's use comparisons to see how incredibly small these things are. Let's start by imagining an enlarged atom, magnifying it millions of times until it fills the distance from the Earth to the moon. That's a massive atom -- 10,000,000,000 inches across! To Scale Now, how wide would the nucleus be on this scale? About 10,000 inches, the length of a golf course. So, how big would a proton be? You guessed it -- about as big as a football field (1,000 inches). In measuring the size of a proton in an earth-sized atom, we've gone from the distance between the Earth and moon, down to one football field. And at this scale, a quark would be about the size of a mere golf ball (approximately one inch wide).   It's pretty incredible, isn't it? If a quark is that small when an atom is enlarged millions of times, imagine how small it is in reality. For the record, a quark actually measures 0.000000000000000001 meters.   So now you have an idea how small the collisions at RHIC are. And what a difficult task it is to cause them to successfully collide -- and examine the products of those collisions, which are just as small.     Everyone knows that ice is frozen water, and that steam is water vapor. To put it another way: ice, water and steam are three different forms of the same thing. We call those three forms solid, liquid and gas. And we know that one form can turn into another form, if the conditions are right. Ice Cube For example, an ice cube will melt if we leave it on the counter at room temperature. Or, a pot of water will boil and give off steam if we put it on a hot stove. Or, steam from a hot shower will condense back into water droplets when it hits a cold bathroom wall.   But did you know that there's a scientific name for what happens when ice turns to water, or water turns to steam? It's "phase transition" -- the process through which one form of matter turns to another form of matter. It happens when conditions like temperature and pressure change just enough to cause a change in the way the atoms interact.   Here's an illustration of the phase transitions for water. Of course, just as you can go from ice to water to steam by adding more and more heat, you can also go in reverse, by taking away heat.   Water isn't the only thing that goes through phase transitions -- everything can, given the right conditions. In fact, RHIC is designed to create another kind of phase transition -- one that's much rarer than melting ice or boiling water.   RHIC The phase transition that physicists want to create at RHIC is something like melting. But instead of ice, the melting will happen to atoms. RHIC will create extremely high temperatures and pressures by colliding atomic nuclei together at high speeds.   When they hit, the nuclei may create just the right conditions for quark-gluon plasma to form. This plasma will consist of "melted" protons and neutrons, the particles that make up the center of atoms. If the protons and neutrons melt, they'll release the quarks and gluons inside themselves. The quarks and gluons will be able to flow freely for just an instant -- almost like flowing water.   This phase transition from normal, everyday matter to quark-gluon plasma is just the opposite of what scientists believe occurred immediately after the Big Bang. Just like with ice that melts and then freezes again, this phase transition can occur in both directions.

  • Removing temporary ink stains

    All about getting those ink stains out of your shirt!

    All ink stains are not created equal. Removing ink stains properly requires a little knowledge, the right products, and a little elbow grease. A house cleaning service favorite! Removing ink stains is a common job that many in the home cleaning industry find themselves performing on a regular basis. Unfortunately, if the stain was not treated quickly, it can be quite difficult for the professional cleaner to clean the ink after it has dried. Depending on the type of ink that caused the stain and the material that the stain is on, you will have to make sure that you have a variety of cleaning agents in your cleaning supply arsenal.

    Permanent Ink Stains

    One of the most difficult ink stains that you will face are ink stains that have been made with permanent ink. In most cases, the stain will be present on a material that can not be bleached, because it will damage the fabric. If the material is easily bleached, this will be the easiest option for you to check out the digs, however you should first make sure that the client and their family members do not suffer from sensitivities to bleach smells which may make them ill. Also, too much bleach will damage most fabrics, weaken the fibers and effectively rot the material. Be careful! If the material cannot be bleached, having plain rubbing alcohol in your cleaning supply will greatly help. Rubbing alcohol is an extremely inexpensive cleaning agent that can be used to clean a variety of things. You should first do a spot check on the fabric or material for hooks to ensure that the alcohol will not damage the item. If there is no discoloration, use the rubbing alcohol to clean the material. If rubbing alcohol does not work, you can also try nail polish remover or acetone to remove the stain, always remembering to do a spot check, and remembering that these agents have strong odors which may be unpleasant to the customer.

    Water Based Ink Stains

    Removing ink stains from water based inks is much easier than removing permanent ink stains. Generally, using a mild detergent, such as a laundry detergent, will easily remove the stain. You will first want to wet the area with warm water, and blot with a  paper cloth before applying the detergent.

    Let the detergent sit on the ink stain for a few minutes, approximately 5-10, and then remove with warm water, making your best effort not to grind the ink into the material. If the ink was not completely removed, do not allow the material to dry. Repeat the above steps until the stain is removed.

    If the stain is excessive, or has been in place for quite some time, it may be difficult for you to remove. This is quite understandable, however you will have to deal with explaining to the client that you are not able to remove the stain. But by having the right materials on hand, and performing the steps properly, you should be able to remove the ink with no problems, and have a very happy customer.

  • Turn it all around

    Turntable Movement can be described as a simple but committed effort to change the perception of DJ’s in today’s underground Electronic Music Scene.  The force behind this name is DJ Jorge Urdaneta(AKA Djmysttik) from his humble beginnings in Electronic music to his current involvement in one of today’s most relevant record pools he works with Masspool record pool as the Midwest Director of Operations in Chicago, His home town.  Born and raised in South America he calls Chicago home!  Once he arrived in Chicago back in 1987 he has always called this great city his home.  Rooted deep in the music and culture this city has provided throughout the years he can claim his love for House music as his deepest connection to this city.

      Relocating to the Southwest in 1997 He found out the Electronic pulse of house music was instilled deep in the desert as well.  Shortly after his Arrival in New Mexico he became part of Unified Culture a collective headed by his founder Dirty Dave, over the next few years UC and TTR would put on some of the most memorable gatherings in the region showcasing local DJ talent as well as crew members and collaborators as far away as Albuquerque NM and El Paso Texas.  His DJ Career began as an opening DJ for many world renowned DJ’s such as Johnny Fiasco, Jon Lemon, and Jason Hodges and DJ Gryphon.  He has also opened up for Mateo and Matos and Mark Farina and Andre Harris to name a few.

      Relocating Back to Chicago in 2005 he Began down a new path and career as a self-Promoter of House music on the World Wide Web.  Working with Internet based sites and collectives he partnered up with Ollie Brooke from Australia, owner of Pure House Music dot net.  He began his endeavor of DJing to a whole new audience via web based platforms to bring his Unique Chicago Southwest Fused House sound to audiences Worldwide.  With Ollie’s help and support he ventured out on his own and began working on promoting anything that moves souls around the world with his unique ability to pin point on house music that was highly creative and sonically sound he began forming relationships with DJ’s and Producers of the house sound he was after.

    The path he took eventually put him in contact with Aaron-Carl a Producer and Chart toping DJ from Detroit.  He quickly gained Aarons trust and support and would eventually join Forces to help Aaron with his w.a.r.m.t.h. project, an acronym that stands for we are revolutionizing the movement of Techno and House.  Aaron and TTR developed and also helped create  the current idea and name he utilizes to DJ under and the site he spearheads as founder and leader of Turntable Movement.  Tightly knit with the family Jorge would find himself at the beginning of a new road with the sudden passing of his friend and partner Aaron-Carl due to complications from Cancer.  In 2011 warmth family asked TTR to join in as a full time member representing warmth as a Chicago based member.  Currently you can find TTR making original tracks and new mixes coming SOON, to a speaker near your EARS!

  • This site has taken me forever

    It feels like forever and a day, but it's finally up and running and moving in the right direction. Funny, that it's 'right direction' and not 'left direction'. To me that's always been an odd thing that I never understood, anyway, I got way off track there. This site is going to be amazing and you will found out all about what old north UMC is for and what we do here.